Best lab for COVID Tests in Pune

What is Coronavirus?

Coronaviruses are a common group of viruses; while some coronaviruses affect only animals, a few others can also affect humans. It is very likely that all of us have been infected by coronavirus at some point in our life. The symptoms of a coronavirus can range from a mild cold to flu-like symptoms to moderate and severe upper-respiratory infections. The SARS epidemic (severe acute respiratory syndrome) was also caused by a coronavirus. Coronavirus is also known to affect the gut and hence some patients may suffer from diarrhea.

The current situation is caused by COVID 19.

Coronavirus infections typically spike up during winter months as the virus can thrive in cold temperatures. So, people typically suffer from the cold due to coronavirus in the months that are cold. The immunity is short-lived and so we fall prey to cold and flu again.

How does COVID – 19 spread?

  • Currently, COVID – 19 is spreading from people to people
  • The infection spreads through small droplets from the nose or mouth from the infected person when he/ she coughs or exhales
  • One may directly get infected from this or may also get infected when these droplets land on surfaces and objects.
  • When you touch infected surfaces and objects, the infection is spread to you
  • That is why it is important to avoid touching your face – this greatly increases the chance of infection.
  • People can also catch COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out or exhales droplets. Therefore, it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick.

What are the symptoms of Coronavirus?

The symptoms of coronavirus arise when you’ve traveled to the areas of the outbreak of the virus or have been in contact with anyone traveling from those areas.

The symptoms of coronavirus infections in general are:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sore throat
  • Headache

The specific symptoms of COVID-19 are:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

The symptoms of COVID-19 are milder than the ones of SARS and MERS. In case you haven’t traveled to these areas or had contact with anyone from these areas, then the symptoms may just be of another virus like the flu.

How to get tested for Coronavirus?

COVID Tests in Pune. In case you feel your symptoms are specific to the coronavirus, your healthcare provider can get in touch with CDC or the local healthcare departments for testing instructions. There are specific labs set up for conducting coronavirus tests, so you may be directed to one of these labs.

There are different types of coronavirus tests that can be done:

  • Swab Test – In this case, a special swab is used to take a sample from your nose or throat
  • Nasal aspirate – In this case, a saline solution will be injected into your nose and, then a sample is taken with a light suction
  • Tracheal aspirate – In this case, a thin tube with a torch, also known as a bronchoscope, is put into your mouth to reach your lungs from where a sample is collected.
  • Sputum Test – Sputum is thick mucus that gets accumulated in the lungs and comes out with a cough. During this test, you’re required to cough up sputum in a special cup, or a swab is used to take a sample from your nose.
  • Blood test – In this case, a blood sample is taken from a vein in the arm.

Rapid diagnostic tests based on antigen detection

A rapid test has also been started for the COVID-19, which involves taking samples from the nose, throat, and lungs. Rapid diagnostic test (RDT) of a sample of the respiratory tract of a person helps to detect the viral proteins (antigens) related to the COVID-19 virus. This ensures a speedy and accurate diagnosis and its usage is CDC-approved.

Rapid diagnostic tests based on host antibody detection

This test detects the presence of antibodies in the blood of COVID-19 infected people. The strength of antibody response depends on several factors like age, medications, infections, and severity of disease etc.

Before the test, the concerned health professionals may request you to wear a mask during the test. In case there are any other steps that need to be taken, the healthcare professional can communicate that to you.

What are the risks associated while testing for Coronavirus?

During the test, you may feel a gagging sensation when the swab will be inserted in your nose and throat. The nasal aspirate may especially seem a bit uncomfortable. However, all of these effects are temporary and will go away shortly after the test. In some cases of tracheal aspirate, there may be bleeding or infection. In the case of the blood test, no risks are observed. There may be a slight swell and pain in the area where the needle was inserted, however it goes away pretty soon.

What next if the Coronavirus test comes positive?

In case your test results come out positive, then you may be affected by the coronavirus. Although there are no specific treatments for the coronavirus infection, however, the healthcare professional may suggest some steps that’ll help you to relieve the symptoms.

Some of the steps you can follow to ease the symptoms are:

  • Drinking a lot of fluids
  • Getting plenty of rest
  • Taking over-the-counter medicines

In case your condition gets worse or you show signs of pneumonia, you should get admitted to a hospital. Some of the common symptoms of pneumonia are severe cough, laboured breathing, and high fever.

If you’re diagnosed with coronavirus, you should follow the below steps to prevent any spread of infection:

  • Don’t leave home unless to get medical help
  • Always wear a face mask in public places or when you’re around other people
  • Don’t share any personal items such as drinking cups, eating plates, towels, or any other items with anybody.
  • Always wash your hand thoroughly for around 20 seconds. In case soap water is not available, you can use an alcohol-based sanitizer, which at least contains 60% alcohol.

In case your results turned negative, you can check with the healthcare professional whether any further tests are required. It’s better to take precautions to not prevent the infection any further.

On the other hand, you can avoid getting infected by coronavirus by following the below steps:

  • Wash your hands thoroughly for 20 seconds and use alcohol-based sanitizers in absence of soap-water
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth a lot
  • If possible, avoid being close to people who are sneezing or coughing
  • Clean the household items which are frequently handled with a disinfectant spray